Documentary photography is one of the basic features of daily life, we contacted a large number of photographs, are the main features of their documentary as the main function there. In fact, should be called the social documentary photography documentary photography. It refers to the kind of photography of the human living environment. It tends to the social environment of this more in-depth research, to make a point of view of the comments, expressing the attitude of the community.
The definition of documentary photography in 1935, U.S. economist Roy Sitelaike (Roy stryher) proposed for a definition of documentary photography, but so far no accepted definition of a public. This is where the definition of early and recent definition, we can see many of the characteristics of documentary photography. American documentary photographer (Dor other lange) definition of documentary photography which reflects the future for now but for the documentary. Her argument is:
1, relationships between people, people at work recording the behavior of the war, or even year cycle of activity.
2, describing the various systems of the human: family, church, government, political organizations, social organizations, trade unions.
3, reveal the people’s method: a, acceptable way of life; b, that pious manner; c, affect the way human behavior.
4, documentary photography professionals not only participate, but also the involvement of amateurs.
She pointed out the definition of the characteristics of documentary photography, are supposed to reflect the theme, and themes in photography need to focus and participants.
University of South Carolina in 1985, the United States Master Klein (stphani e Am Rlein) in his paper “the new definition of documentary photography,” said:
1, documentary photography is a skilled, dedicated photographer’s camera in any frame a series of photos that can capture the essence of human reality of the situation. Demonstrate living conditions, and whether good or bad.
2, studied documentary photography is a visual description of social conditions. Which reveals the photographer’s interest, and that those changes may be necessary.
3, documentary photography to explain the people and the environment, human and social activities of mutual relations between the illustrative photos.
The type of a documentary photography, picture story: a person, a specific description of the incident, focusing on plot and continuity. Focus on non-critical moment of shooting, making breathtaking breathtaking moment.
2, Photo series: the same subject, inter-related group photo, static documentary, no time restrictions and changes.
3, Picture Commentary: on something, a group understanding of the independence of each painting, there are comments, no relations with each other to undertake. a, in series, formed by a group of photos. b, a clear theme and content. c, in-depth study on the subject, and possessed social, philosophy of.